Vient de paraître : Pierre-Emmanuel Dufayel, Un convoi de femmes, 1944-1945

Pierre-Emmanuel Dufayel, Un convoi de femmes, 1944-1945,

Paris, Editions Vendémiaire, 2011.

vende3.jpg

Le 31 janvier 1944, sur le quai de la gare de Compiègne, un millier de femmes attendent. Membres d’organisations secrètes, proches de résistants, passantes raflées dans la rue, prostituées soupçonnées d’avoir voulu contaminer l’armée allemande, elles forment un convoi à destination de Ravensbrück. Dès lors, leur identité se résumera à un simple matricule.

Internées dans les « quartiers allemands » du fort de Romainville ou du camp de Royallieu, où la solidarité seule était gage de survie, où « parler en silence » et chanter la Marseillaise participait d’une forme ténue de résistance collective, elles pénètrent ensemble dans l’enfer de Ravensbrück…. La suite ici.

A paraître : Yashka, journal d’une femme combattante

Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau, Nicolas Werth, Yashka, journal d’une femme combattante, Paris, Armand Colin, 2012.

9782200275167-V.jpg Mot de l’éditeur :

Voici le récit du destin extraordinaire de Yashka, simple paysanne russe qui s’est engagée dans l’armée du Tsar dès le début de la Première Guerre mondiale. Lorsque survient la révolution de mars 1917, elle obtient du gouvernement provisoire de créer un bataillon de femmes placé sous son commandement. 
Si certains font d’elle une haute figure du féminisme, Yashka aspire seulement à sauver sa « Sainte Russie » et à faire honte aux hommes qui ont renoncé à se battre dans l’espoir d’une paix séparée. Pourtant, lors de la dernière offensive de l’armée russe, le «bataillon de la mort» conduit par Yashka se fait massacrer en pure perte. 
Dans la guerre civile qui s’annonce, elle s’engage du côté de la contre-révolution. Les événements la poussent à quitter la Russie et à rejoindre l’Amérique afin d’y effectuer une tournée de propagande pour les «blancs». C’est là qu’elle rencontre Isaac Levine, un exilé russe à qui elle raconte son histoire. Publié en 1919, ce récit était tombé dans l’oubli. Stéphane Audoin- Rouzeau et Nicolas Werth le ressuscitent en soulignant la véracité et la portée historique de ce texte exceptionnel.

Sommaire :

Première partie : La Guerre
1. Mon engagement
2. Dans la zone de mort
3. Blessée et paralysée
4. Huit heures aux mains de l’ennemi
Deuxième partie : La Révolution
5. La révolution au front
6. J’organise le bataillon de la mort
7. L’affaire du comité
8. Le bataillon au front
9. En mission chez Kornilov
10. L’armée devient une bande de sauvages
Troisième partie : La Terreur
11. Le triomphe du bolchevisme
12. En face de Lénine et de Trotsky
13. Prise au piège
14. Sauvée par miracle
15. Je quitte la Russie

CFP – Veteran Identities: One Hundred Years of the First World War

Special issue of the Journal of War and Culture Studies (autumn/winter 2013):

Veteran Identities: One Hundred Years of the First World War

The end of the twentieth century saw a renewed critical and artistic interest in cultural representations and memories of the First World War, reflected in a plethora of films and novels in Britain and France, for example, a vast range of academic studies, and the creation of several research centres devoted to this conflict alone. At the beginning of this century, and as the war passed from living memory into History, nations became transfixed by the figure of the last veteran. Debates as to how to commemorate his passing preoccupied both politicians and the press. The figure of the veteran thus became the figure around which the memory of this war increasingly crystallised. As its hundredth anniversary draws near, this issue of the Journal of War and Culture Studies will explore the ways in which various cultures have portrayed veterans of the First World War, but also the varied ways in which veterans have represented themselves. It therefore seeks papers that study the representation of the First World War veteran or veterans’ self-representation from a variety of nations and cultural source material, including, but not limited to, literature, memoirs, film, photography, art, music and song. Authors may want to consider the social or political ends that such representations serve, as well as the diverse individuals who sought to claim veteran status, including not only ex-combatants, but also women, non-combatant men and those mobilised from colonies.

Deadline for receipt of contributions: 1st May 2013.
All articles should be 5,000–6,000 words in length, and follow the Intellect style guide, available online at: Intellect Style Guide
Articles should be sent as e-mail attachments to Helena Scott: H.Scott@westminster.ac.uk. For further information about this issue, please contact one of the editors: Dr Martin Hurcombe (M.J.Hurcombe@bristol.ac.uk) or Prof Alison Fell (a.s.fell@leeds.ac.uk).

WWW Virtual Library Women’s History

WWW Virtual Library Women’s History

About this Library
The main purposes of this virtual library are to list women’s history institutions and organizations, locate archival and library collections, and provide links to Internet resources on women’s history. In addition, also included are a list of women’s studies journals and a few comprehensive link collections useful as a starting point for searching the Internet for women’s studies in general.

Plusieurs rubriques dont : Aviation & Space,Men-Masculinity,Military

Un aperçu de la rubrique « Military »

American Women and the World War II Experience This guide serves as an introduction to online and print sources covering the experiences of American women during World War II. By Jennifer Broberg, at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Cantinières and Vivandières of the French Army Cantinières and vivandières were women who served as official auxiliary personnel to French (and other) army combat units from early modern times until about the time of World War One. Their official task was to sell food and drink to the soldiers of their regiment to supplement the always inadequate army rations. On this site Thomas Cardoza provides information about cantinières and vivandières focusing specifically on cantinières and vivandières of the French army, but also on cantinières and vivandières from other countries and cantinières serving such non-military entities as the sapeurs-pompiers (firefighters).

Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer (1526-1588) Biography of Kenau Hasselaer, business woman and legendary defender of the city of Haarlem against Spanish troops (1572-1573). Text, in Dutch, by Els Kloek.

Minerva Center An educational foundation for the study of women and the military and women in war. Runs H-MINERVA Discussion Network, published Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military a journal now renamed Women and War; launching the Minerva Society for the Study of Women and War (MSSWW) in 2007. The website features bibliographies of women and the military in history.

Minerva Journal of Women and War A multidisciplinary journal which welcomes submissions pertaining to the relationship of women to war and the role of gender in the armed services around the world. This new journal replaces Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military.

Of Love and War This online version of an Australian War Memorial exhibition looks at the impact of war on the lives of Australian servicemen and women, the lovers they left behind or those they met while serving. Visitors can contribute using Flickr Commons and a Blog.

Oorlogsliefdekind Nederlands-Indië – Indonesië (‘War Love Child’). During the Indonesian war of independence, Dutch soldiers had relationships with Indonesian girls and fathered children with them. After Indonesia gained independence, and the troops went home an unknown number of Dutch-Indonesian children stayed behind with their mothers in the new Indonesia. Read about these children, their mothers and fathers. The texts are in Dutch but English and Indonesian versions will be provided.

The American Experience: Fly Girls Website devoted to the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPS), who signed up to fly with the U.S. military during World War II. Wives, mothers, actresses and debutantes joined the test-piloted aircraft, ferried planes and logged 60 million miles in the air. The site contains interview transcripts, a bibliography, transcrips of documents and letters, a WASP timeline 1937-1979, maps, and other resources.

Women Warriors of Japan. The Role of the Arms-Bearing Women in Japanese History Online article by Ellis Amdur.

Women’s Services, First World War A Research Guide from the UK National Archives.

Agreement elusive on women in combat

Rowan Scarborough :  » Agreement elusive on women in combat « ,

The Washington Times, 17 novembre 2011.

Top defense officials are grappling to find a unified position on whether to allow women in direct ground combat, as the Pentagon prepares a landmark report to Congress on the military’s coed future.

In the wake of two wars in which women have exchanged fire with the enemy, the Pentagon is being pressed to scrap the ban on women serving below the brigade level in units whose main mission is direct ground combat. That means women may not be infantry members or Green Berets.

« It is the subject of ongoing discussions but not yet fully resolved, » a senior Pentagon official said when asked whether Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, has a recommendation for Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta.

The chiefs and Mr. Panetta are being pressed to present their views now because Congress passed a bill ordering the services to conduct a review and submit it this year.

Asked for Mr. Panetta’s position, a second defense official said: « I think the secretary is still weighing the ultimate recommendations that are being worked, and the report is not complete. So I’m not sure I can add to that at this point. »

Because the exclusion is a policy, not a law, Mr. Panetta could lift the restrictions on all or some jobs after notifying Congress.

The Obama administration needed congressional approval to remove the codified ban on open gays in the ranks, which happened Sept. 20.

Army Gen. Raymond T. Odierno, a Joint Chiefs member, has gone on record as saying he wants some restrictions lifted. He said he disagreed with the Army’s report, which was completed before he became chief and was submitted to Mr. Panetta. It apparently recommends the status quo.

On the WUSA-TV program « This Week in Defense News, » Gen. Odierno said female intelligence and signal officers, for example, should be able to serve below the brigade level in combat battalions.

« We need them there. We need their talent, » the Army chief said. « This is about managing talent. We have incredibly talented females who should be in those positions. So I have to work toward us taking a better look at that.

« We have work to do within the [Defense Department] to get them to recognize and change. We did not get there at this time in this report, and I’m focused on this and I’m going to spend some time on it. »

Lire la suite ici

Voicing Conflict: Women and 20th Century Warfare / Les Voix du conflit : femmes et guerres au XXème siècle

« Voicing Conflict: Women and 20th Century Warfare / Les Voix du conflit : femmes et guerres au XXème siècle », Miranda, n°2, juillet 2010

 

Sommaire du numéro

Introduction. Karen MESCHIA

Front Line Voices / Voix sur la ligne de front

X-Ray Vision: Women Photograph War. Margaret R. HIGONNET

W.A.A.C.s : Crossing the line in the Great War. Claire BOWEN

Roles in Conflict: The Woman War Reporter. Maggie ALLISON

Home Front Voices / Voix du Home Front

New Slants on Gender and Power Relations in British Second World War Films. Elizabeth de CACQUERAY

« Careless Talk »: Word Shortage in Elizabeth Bowen’s Wartime Writing. Céline MAGOT

« A secret at the heart of darkness opening up » : de Little Eden-A Child at War (1978) à Journey to Nowhere (2008), les mots de la guerre ou les batailles du silence dans l’écriture autobiographique d’Eva Figes. Nathalie VINCENT-ARNAUD

Naomi the Poet and Nella the Housewife: Finding a Space to Write from. The Wartime Diaries of Naomi Mitchison and Nella Last. Karen MESCHIA

Conflict, Power and Gender in Women’s Memories of the Second World War: a Mass-Observation Study. Penny SUMMERFIELD

Voices for Peace / Voix pour la paix

Woman as Peacemaker or the Ambivalent Politics of Myth. Cyril SELZNER

Les Filles d’Athéna et des Amazones en Amérique. Nicole OLLIER

When Women Write the First Poem: Louise Driscoll and the « war poem scandal ». Jennifer KILGORE-CARADEC

H.D. and the Angelus Militans. Suzanne HOBSON

Articles hors-thème / Occasional papers

Nation and National Identity in Susan Glaspell’s Inheritors (1921). Emeline JOUVE

Self-Dispossessing Possessors. Businessmen and Salesmen in Eugene O’Neill’s Fictional America. Annalisa BRUGNOLI

An American Tragedy: Memory and History in Eugene O’Neill’s A Touch of the Poet and Mourning Becomes Electra. Aurélie SANCHEZ

Recensions / Reviews

Martin J.S. Rudwick, Worlds Before Adam: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Reform. Laurence TALAIRACH-VIELMAS

Susan Redington Bobby (ed.), Fairy Tales Reimagined: Essays on New Retellings. Sylvie MAUREL

Ralph O’Connor, The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802–1856. Laurence TALAIRACH-VIELMAS

La Colombie théâtre d’impunité pour les auteurs de violences sexuelles

Les violences sexuelles contre les femmes constituent une pratique habituelle, généralisée, systématique et invisible du conflit armé colombien » Cour constitutionnelle de Colombie (2008).
Agissez pour mettre fin l’impunité !  « Ici en Colombie, les rapports avec les autorités sont très compliqués. On ne parle pas des viols qui ont lieu dans le cadre de la guerre, du conflit interne qui se déroule ici. On ne parle que des morts et de la criminalité mais ils ne reconnaissent pas les violences sexuelles commises dans le contexte du conflit armé.

La suite ici

CFP: Terrorist Transgressions

CFP: Terrorist Transgressions

Call for papers

Terrorist transgressions: network on gendered representations of the terrorist.

An AHRC funded project  University of Reading and Birkbeck, University of London in association with the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
Violence, horror and gender – Conference 28 and 29 January 2012. University of Reading
Proposals for conference papers, of about 20 minutes, are invited for a conference Terrorist transgressions: gendered representations of the terrorist in contemporary culture: Violence, horror and gender to be held at the University of  Reading on 28-29 January 2012.
The AHRC-funded Terrorist transgressions: network on gendered representations of the terrorist brings together an interdisciplinary group of scholars to investigate how the terrorist has been represented in the visual arts, film, photography and the media. It gives specific attention to the question of gender in imagery of the terrorist.
Modern discourses of the terrorist date from around 1945 and were given greater urgency after 2001 following terrorist attacks on America, London, Madrid and elsewhere. The horror experienced in Western societies was the appearance of a new sense of the vulnerability of the body politic, and therefore of the modern self with its direct dependency on security and property. The terrorist has been constructed as the epitome of transgression against economic resources and moral, physical and political boundaries. As Jameson has put it ‘the image of the « terrorist »… is one of the privileged forms in which an ahistorical society imagines radical social change’, displacing older images of criminals, revolutionaries and even the veteran.
Although terrorism, its contexts, histories and forms, has been the focus of intense academic activity in recent years, cultural representations of the terrorist have received less attention. Yet terrorism is dependent on spectacle and the topic is subject to forceful exposure in popular media. Dissident organisations produce images of the terrorist, for example as martyr, hero or avenger. Agencies, including national authorities, involved in combating terrorism, need to visualise the terrorist in order to give identity to the threat. While the terrorist is predominantly aligned with masculinity, women have been active in terrorist organisations since the late 19th century. Particularly since the 1980s, women have perpetrated suicidal terrorist attacks, including suicide bombing, where the body becomes a weapon. Such attacks have confounded constructions of femininity and masculinity, with profound implications for the gendering of violence and horror. The image of the terrorist, whether positive or negative, is always a gendered one. The primary aim of the Terrorist Transgressions network is to analyse the myths inscribed in these images and identify how agency is attributed to representation through invocations and inversions of gender stereotypes.
We welcome proposals for papers from all disciplines which address themes in the cultural representation of the terrorist and the question of gender.
A short abstract (250 words) together with details of your institutional affiliation should be submitted to Sue Malvern and Gabriel Koureas by 16 December 2011 through the project administrator Nicola Capo.n
email: N.R.Capon@pgr.reading.ac.uk
Notification of accepted proposals will be given by 22 December 2011

Women as a Force for Peace

Women and girls are uniquely and disproportionately affected by armed conflict. In modern warfare, an estimated 90% of the casualties are civilians, and 75% of these are women and children.

Women are 80% of all refugees and displaced persons. Rape and sexual violence targeting women and girls are routinely used not only to terrorize women, but as strategic tools of war and instruments of genocide.

Importantly, women and girls are not only victims of war; they are also powerful peace-builders whose efforts to prevent conflict and secure peace have been critical, yet largely unrecognized, under-resourced, and not integrated into formal peace processes.

« Women, Peace and Security » encapsulates three areas of women’s experience of war: protection, participation, and prevention.

LIRE LA SUITE ICI

American Women Artists in Wartime, 1776-2010

Paula E. Calvin and Deborah A. Deacon, American Women Artists in Wartime, 1776-2010, Mc Farland, 2011, 222 p.

51RYClQ-b1L._SS500_-copie-1.jpg About the Book

For generations, men have left their homes and families to defend their country while their wives, mothers and daughters remained safely at home, outwardly unaffected. A closer examination reveals that women have always been directly impacted by war. In the last few years, they have actively participated on the front lines.

This book tells the story of the women who documented the impact of war on their lives through their art. It includes works by professional artists and photographers, combat artists, ordinary women who documented their military experiences, and women who worked in a variety of types of needlework. Taken together, these images explore the female consciousness in wartime.

Plus d’infos ici

Anniversaire de la résolution des Nations Unies sur la protection des femmes en situation de conflit.

Le 31 octobre 2000, le Conseil de Sécurité des Nations Unies adoptait la Résolution 1325 sur la protection des femmes en situation de conflit.

Les femmes sont en effet les premières cibles lors des conflits, mais elles restent pourtant exclues des processus de négociations ainsi que des processus de paix.

En Afghanistan, en République Démocratique du Congo, en Somalie, ainsi que dans de nombreux pays, cette résolution est couramment bafouée, et de nombreuses femmes continuent d’être victimes de violences basées sur le genre, telles que des viols ou d’autres formes de violences physiques ou morales.

A l’occasion du 31 octobre, plusieurs actions sont menées pour soutenir les droits des femmes en situation de conflit. Au Royaume-Uni par exemple, CARE organise au sein du réseau britannique Gender Action for Peace and Security (GAPS), une veillée à la bougie en soutien aux femmes d’Afghanistan en partenariat avec le réseau afghan Afghan Women Network (AWN). 10 ans après le début de l’intervention militaire dans le pays, une conférence internationale se tiendra le 5 décembre prochain à Bonn (Allemagne) pour discuter du futur de l’Afghanistan. Transition, engagement sur le long terme, paix et la réconciliation, seront les thèmes à l’ordre du jour de cette conférence. CARE est très engagé à travers plusieurs coalitions (notamment en Afghanistan, en Allemagne, en France et au Royaume-Uni) pour que les droits des afghans, et notamment les droits des femmes afghanes, ne soient pas laissés de côté lors des négociations de la conférence de Bonn.

Source : Site du CARE, association de solidarité internationale, non confessionnelle et apolitique, qui regroupe 14 associations nationales travaillant ensemble à la mise en œuvre de plus de 1000 projets d’urgence et de développement dans près de 70 pays en Afrique, en Asie, en Amérique latine, au Moyen-Orient et en Europe de l’Est.

Gender Profile of the Conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Les Congolaises, premières touchées par le conflit en RDC

Article disponible sur le site de l’Egalite des hommes et des femmes en Francophonie

Le Fonds de développement des Nations Unies pour la femme (UNIFEM) publie un rapport intitulé Gender Profile of the Conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, sur les conséquences du conflit congolais sur les femmes. Débuté en 1996 et officiellement terminé en 2003, les femmes en paient encore fréquemment les frais, en étant toujours aujourd’hui victimes d’abus, notamment sexuels. Par ailleurs, leurs droits sont bafoués quotidiennement.

Un rapport de juin 2002 dénonce l’utilisation des violences sexuelles à l’encontre des femmes comme véritable « arme de guerre », utilisée par la plupart des forces armées impliquées dans le conflit congolais : soldats de l’armée nationale congolaise, soldats rwandais, combattants des groupes rebelles, combattants Maï-Maï, groupes rebelles rwandais, burundais, tous ont eu massivement recours au viol… Lire la suite ici