Violence and its Aftermath in the Soviet and Post-Soviet Context

Fourth International Social Science Summer School in Ukraine

Violence and its Aftermath in the Soviet and Post-Soviet Context”

Zhytomyr (Ukraine), 4-10 July 2012

 

Partners:

Embassy of France in Ukraine

Chair of Ukrainian Studies at the University of Ottawa (Canada)

Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales [EHESS] (France)

Internet network “historians.in.ua

Research project “Understanding Violence in Russia”russiaviolence.hypotheses.org

Doctoral School of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (Ukraine)

French-Russian Centre for Humanities and Social Sciences in Moscow (Russia)

Zhytomyr State University (Ukraine)

Program description:

 

 “How naïve, how kindly and patriarchal the old prisons huddled on the outskirts of towns now appeared – beside these camp-cities, beside the awful crimson-black glow that hung over the gas ovens! You might well think that the management of such a vast number of prisoners would have required an equally vast army of guards and supervisors. In fact, whole weeks would pass by without anyone in an SS uniform so much as appearing inside the barrack-huts. It was the prisoners themselves who policed the camp-cities (…) It seemed as though the German authorities could disappear altogether, the prisoners would maintain the high-voltage current in the wires and go on with their work.”

This is the way Vasily Grossman, a Soviet writer born in a Jewish family in central Ukraine, defines in his major novel Life and Fate the level and sophistication of violence reached in the XXth century. The novel dedicated to the Second World War is a reflection on the management of violence in war conditions and its ambiguity, but also on the violence experienced by political prisoners in Stalinist camps and on the pervasiveness of violence in all spheres of life.  Having lost his mother in the Berdichev ghetto during the war, the writer dedicated his novel to her and her shadow is present in the author’s whole work of writing and memory.

Following Grossman’s path, not only symbolically but also physically by installing the school near his native city, the Summer School will address the complexity and the aftermaths of violence, not only in war times, but also in times of peace, in the Soviet and post-Soviet context.

The Fourth International Social Science Summer School in Ukraine will provide a unique forum for the presentation and discussion of the latest research on violence issues, involving specialists of the topic, as well as young promising researchers.

The School is interdisciplinary. The organizers welcome proposals from the disciplines of history, sociology, anthropology, political science, economics, and adjacent fields. While the primary focus will be on the socialist and post-socialist era (in the former Soviet Union, Central, Eastern and Southern Europe), pre-Soviet history may also be examined. The discussions and presentations will analyze different dimensions of violence: war and non-war situations; state management of violence, as well as individual and collective strategies; mechanisms of violence outbreak; violent practices and post-violence situations; perpetrators and victims; sources and methods.

Some of the issues of particular interest to the School include:

State monopoly of violence, implementation and resistance (past and present)

Soviet repressive practices

Police: use of force and violent practices

Justice, prison, coercion

Terrorism and anti-terrorism

State management of public protest

Violence of/towards economic actors (mafia, raids)

War and post-war, conflict situations

Mobilization and control of violence in combat

Civil population during war and post-conflict

Ethnic conflicts, border conflicts, other forms of mass violence

Return to civilian life

Violent practices and violent behaviour

State and non-state violence towards property or objects

Social, domestic and everyday violence

Gendered dimension of violence

Violence and non-violence as a strategy for political, social and economical actors

Public protest practices: strikes, demonstrations

Education and socialization to violence

Memory and representation of violence

Collective memory of violence

Representation of violence in media and art

Life course and trauma

Veterans and veterans’ movements

The Summer School is designed to be interdisciplinary and international. Participants are expected to present their own work and to participate in group discussions. The School’s program consists of lectures, panel presentations and discussions, as well field trips within the region, followed by discussion sessions.

Location

Zhytomyr (Central Ukraine, 130 km from Kyiv) is nowadays a middle-sized city of 278,000 inhabitants in a mostly rural area. The official founding date is 884, though this fact and has only a legendary basis. The first records of the town date from 1240 and are linked to Zhytomyr being sacked by the Mongols of Batu Khan. Successively Lithuanian, Polish, Russian, Soviet and Ukrainian, the town has been destroyed and rebuilt several times.

From the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, many Poles and Jews lived here. The Jewish roots of Vladimir Lenin are related to Zhytomyr. His grandfather, Mr Blank, belonged to the local town dwellers. In Zhytomyr for a long time lived Khaim Byalik – one of the founders of the modern Hebrew language. The Zhytomyr region is also related to the biography and writings by authors such as Honoré de Balzac, Lesya Ukrainka, and Józef Kraszewski. The famous musicians Svyatoslav Richter and Juliusz Zarembski are also Zhytomyr natives.

During the Soviet years – and still nowadays – the city was more willing to be proud of another of his children, the designer of the first Soviet space rockets Sergey Korolev; two local museums commemorate its life and the Soviet conquest of the space.

During the 20th century Zhytomyr has gradually lost its multicultural nature. The predominant Jewish community was largely annihilated in the Holocaust; the Soviet migration policy has brought there a more mixed population. Today, Zhytomyr is a rather typical post-Soviet city, combining in its landscape architectural traces of the old times, past conflicts injuries, Soviet urbanization marks and post-Soviet commercial development.

Duration

One week, Wednesday 4 – Tuesday 10 July 2012.

Eligibility

The Summer School is open to PhD students (or students enrolled in a kandidat nauk program) and young researchers (up to six years removed from their PhD or kandidat nauk degree). Empirically grounded proposals are particularly welcomed.

The working language of the Summer School will be English, and it is important that prospective participants have a good knowledge of this language.

The selection committee will select candidates based on their responses to this Call for Proposals. The selected candidates will be advised before the end of May.

Program Costs

There is no program fee. Local transportation from/to Kyiv, accommodation, meals, classes, lectures, seminars and excursions are provided by the organizers and free of charge. The participants or their universities should only pay the travel expenses from the participant’s country to Kyiv.

How to apply?

To be considered for the Summer School, candidates must complete an application form (that includes a 500 word project proposal) and add a CV. They can also send an additional written sample, such as a conference paper, a dissertation chapter, or a publication (optional). The application must be sent by e-mail toukrainesummerschool@gmail.com, by 15 April 2012.

The application form can be requested at Ukrainesummerschool@gmail.com or downloaded on the following address: http://historians.in.ua/index.php/ogoloshennya/89-summer-school-in-ukraine-2012 linkFor more information, please contact us at ukrainesummerschool@gmail.com

 

Deadline for applications

15th April 2012

 

Call for Papers « Languages and Cultures of Conflicts and Atrocities »

Call for Papers « Languages and Cultures of Conflicts and Atrocities »

Deadline for submissions 15 May 2012

The Languages and Cultures Circle of Manitoba and North Dakota (LCMND) and the University of Manitoba invite to the 2012 interdisciplinary and international conference on

“Languages and Cultures of Conflicts and Atrocities”

in Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada), October 11-13, 2012

Keynote Speakers

James Dawes (Macalester College): Dr. Dawes, a scholar of American and Comparative Literature, is Director of the Program in Human Rights and Humanitarianism at Macalester College and specializes in literary and aesthetic theory, international law and human rights, trauma, and war studies. He is the author of That the World May Know: Bearing Witness to Atrocity (Harvard UP 2007) and The Language of War (Harvard UP 2002).

Alison Landsberg (George Mason University): Dr. Landsberg, a scholar in History and Art History, specializes in memory studies and U.S. history, including early cinema, race and self-making, museums and the installation of memory. She is the author of Prosthetic Memory: The Transformation of American Remembrance in the Age of Mass Culture (Columbia UP 2004)

Jill Scott (Queen’s University): Dr. Scott, a scholar of German and Comparative Literature, specializes in studies in conflict resolution, forgiveness and reconciliation, the social dynamics of mourning and grief, transitional and restorative justice, as well as in law and literature. She is the author of A Poetics of Forgiveness (Palgrave 2010) and of Electra after Freud (Cornell UP 2005).

The conference encourages papers which seek to understand how to represent war, racial and ethnic conflict, genocide and other atrocities, terrorism and human rights can be expressed, represented and remembered. Possible topics include:

  • collective, national, and transnational memory of war and violent conflicts
  • the representation and remembrance of wars and genocides from antiquity to the present
  • the remembrance of the Holocaust and World War II (its influence on the representation of other wars and genocides)
  • the representation of human rights and human rights violations
  • indigenous rights and right violations / indigenous genocide
  • relation between representation and transitional / restorative justice
  • learning through representation
  • aspects of witnessing, victimhood, and perpetratorship
  • expression of individual and collective trauma
  • knowledge and truth about conflicts and atrocities: possibilities and limitations
  • authenticity in representing conflicts and atrocities
  • immersive experiences of violence and atrocities

Papers are welcomed that discuss representations in literature, film, photography, museums, memorial culture, architecture, autobiography, the Internet and other digital media, oral and written history, everyday practices and rituals.

Scholars from all disciplines across the Humanities and Social Sciences are invited to participate in the conference. Sessions will be organized in English and French. As per LCMND tradition, papers on other topics will be considered.

Graduate students are welcome. The conference organizers intend to establish a small travel grant fund for graduate students on a competitive basis (approx. $200 per student).

Selected papers will be invited to contribute to a publication after the conference.

Please submit your proposal electronically to jaeger@umanitoba.ca by 15 May 2012. It should contain the title and an approx. 250-300-word abstract of the paper you are proposing; your name, institutional affiliation, and email address; and a brief statement (no more than 100 words) listing your academic background and publications.

There will be an anonymous peer-review of all proposals by an interdisciplinary committee of University of Manitoba and University of Winnipeg experts. Participants will be notified by 15 June 2012.

All inquiries and submissions should be sent to:

Dr. Stephan Jaeger, Department of German and Slavic Studies, University of Manitoba, jaeger@umanitoba.ca

Conference venue: University of Manitoba (Fort Garry Campus) and Inn at the Forks (conference hotel), right next to the building of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights

The Conference will begin on Thursday early evening (Oct. 11) with a keynote address and end on Saturday (Oct. 13) around 3:30 p.m.

Conference Committee

-Adina Balint-Babos (French Studies, University of Winnipeg)
-Elena Baraban (Slavic Studies, University of Manitoba)
-Catherine Chatterley (History, University of Manitoba)
Stephan Jaeger (German Studies, University of Manitoba), chair / LCMND President
-Adam Muller (English and Comparative Literature and Film, University of Manitoba)
-Andrew Woolford (Sociology, University of Manitoba)

Conference Website