KRONSELL Anika, Gender, Sex and the Postnational Defense, Militarism and Peacekeeping, Oxford University Press, 2012.
Mot de l’éditeur :
– Puts UN SCR 1325 into a larger conversation about human security, the post-national defense and militaries doing peacekeeping activities
– Based on extensive case study material, much of which has never been published in English
– Shows that increasing gender parity in the military is a more achievable task than increasing women’s participation
Scholars have argued that the end of the Cold War and the War on Terror have radically changed the context of war and defense, diminished the role of nation-states in favor of multi-lateral defense activities, and placed a new focus on human security. In addition to the traditional act of war-making, peacekeeping and nation-building have emerged as important defense strategies among wealthy, liberal-democratic nations. Per UN Security Council Resolution 1325, adopted in 2000, all member nations must consider the needs of women and girls during repatriation, resettlement, and post-conflict reconstruction efforts. Kronsell’s book looks at the way that a post-national defense influenced by SC 1325 and focused on human security affects gender relations in militaries. Interestingly, despite the successful implementation of gender mainstreaming in training, the number of women involved in military peacekeeping remains low. Contradicting much of the gender mainstreaming literature, Kronsell shows that increasing gender parity in the military is a more achievable task than increasing women’s participation.
Employing a feminist constructivist institutional approach, her book questions whether <“feminism>” must always be equated with peace and anti-militarism, if military violence committed with the purpose of enhancing human security can be performed according to a feminist ethics, and if military institutions can ever be gender neutral. Kronsell builds her theoretical argument on a case study of Sweden and the E.U.
Chapter One: Mothers, Soldiers and Nation in the ‘Neutral’ Defense
Chapter Two: Gender, Sexuality and Institutions of Hegemonic Masculinity
Chapter Three: The Post-National Defense and the Cosmopolitan Military
Chapter Four: Post-national Peacekeeping and the Construction of Sex and Gender
Chapter Five: Defense and Military Governance in the EU: A cosmopolitan military in the making?
Chapter Six: Conclusions